Moscow Kremlin Museums
History of the Museum
The Moscow Kremlin is considered to be a symbol of the Russian statehood. The architectural ensemble âThe Moscow Kremlin and the Red Squareâ is included into the UNESCO List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage. The Moscow Kremlin State Historical and Cultural Museum and Heritage Site incorporates the Armoury Chamber and the architectural ensemble of the Cathedral Square, consisting of the Assumption, Archangel and Annunciation cathedrals, the Church of Laying Our Lady's Holy Robe, the Patriarch's Palace with the Twelve Apostles' Church and the 'Ivan the Great' Bell Tower complex, as well as the exhibition halls in the Assumption Belfry and in the One-Pillar Chamber of the Patriarchâs Palace.
- ARMS AND ARMOURThe Moscow Kremlin Museums' collection of arms and armour comprises around 8000 items dating from the 11th to the 20th century. It is based on two historically formed complexes â the Great Royal Armoury, viz the Arsenal of the Russian tsars of the 16th and 17th centuries, and the Imperial Rustkammer, viz the collection of arms of the 18th and early 19th century.
- EUROPEAN AND ORIENT GOLD AND SILVER ART PIECESThe collection of foreign gold- and silverware includes more than 9000 pieces made by the finest Western and Oriental silversmiths and jewellers of the 13th-20th centuries. The core of the collection was formed in the treasuries of the Royal and Patriarchâs estates in the Kremlin; it is one of the oldest collections in the museum, which was founded in the early 19th century.
- ICONSThe Moscow Kremlin Museums houses a collection of three thousand icons. The historically formed complex covers the period from the end of the 11th to the beginning of the 20th century. The core of the collection is made up of works painted for the decoration of cathedrals, Tsarâs and Patriarchâs chambers and private chapels of the Moscow Kremlin.
- CERAMICS AND GLASSThe Armoury Chamberâs collection of ceramics and glass comprises around 2,500 items made from a wide range of different types of materials, such as terracotta and majolica, soft, fine and hard porcelain, glass (not only transparent colourless, but and coloured), mirrors, pieces decorated with Roman mosaic, Ã©glomisÃ© jewellery, and cut glass (including those in silver and metal mounting).
- TEXTILESThe collection of artistic textiles comprises about four thousand exhibits. It includes one-piece secular and religious objects made from a variety of patterned fabric, as well as tapestry, banners and various accessories of secular dress accessories. The chronological span of the collection is from the 14th to the 20th centuries.
- ORDERS AND MEDALSThe collection of orders and medals covers the period from the 17th century to the present day and comprises more than 4,600 pieces. Its main components are the collections of phaleristics (Russian and foreign orders and decorations), commemorative medals (Russian, foreign and modern original medals), sphragistics (seals), and statutes of Russian orders.
- NUMISMATICS AND NOTAPHILYThe creation of the Moscow Kremlin Museumsâ numismatic collection is closely linked to the history of the Armoury Chamber. From the beginning of the 18th century, various ancient coins began to arrive here. In the 19th century, the collection became more comprehensive and interesting. In 1883, ancient coins and medals were placed in nine special showcases in the Armoury Chamber.
- GRAPHICSThe collection of graphics of the State Historical and Cultural Museum and Heritage Site "The Moscow Kremlin" is closely related to the history of the Moscow Kremlin, its monuments, architectural buildings and exhibits, preserved inside the Kremlinâs walls. The graphics fund is rather young. In 1961, it became a part of the research archive, which, in addition to documents, also included architectural drawings and graphic materials on paper base.
- MANUSCRIPT BOOKS AND EARLY PRINTED BOOKSNowadays, Moscow Kremlin Museums preserve over 500 manuscript and early printed books. The oldest monument of the collection is a handwritten Greek Gospel of the 13th century. The main part of the collection consists of early printed books in the Cyrillic font. The oldest printed book in the Kremlinâs collection is the Book of Psalms published by typographer Makary in 1494.
- ARCHAEOLOGYThe archaeology fund comprises about 3000 exhibits. The objects found on the Kremlin territory belong to various historical epochs - from the late third millennium B.C. to the early 19th century. There are many beauty accessories, including those made of silver and fragments of pottery, as well as smithery, various instruments, household utensils, religious objects, clay toys, military items, and troves.
- ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENTSThe fund of architectural fragments contains about 4000 pieces dating back to the early 14th â mid-20th century. It includes white-stone and ceramic architectural pieces, memorial monuments and stove tiles. Many of them belong to non-extant architectural monuments of the Moscow Kremlin.
- PHOTOGRAPHSThe Museumâs collection of photo documents numbers over 8000 photographs and 30000 negatives from the 1860s to our time. The basic part of the collection comprises photographs of the Moscow Kremlin, interiors of its cathedrals and palaces, as well as relics and artworks preserved there.
The First People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs in the Soviet Union. In Commemoration of the 150th Anniversary of G.V. Chicherin and the 100th Anniversary of the USSR
Beyond Imagination: Treasures of Imperial Japan from the Khalili Collection, 19th to Early 20th Century
The history of one exhibit