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21 August 2020 – 23 November 2020

Stone Carving and Jewellery History Museum, Yekaterinburg

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Stone Carving and Jewellery History Museum, The Moscow Kremlin Museums


The Moscow Kremlin Museums


"Direction – East. Evacuation of the Moscow Armory’s Treasures to Sverdlovsk. 75th Anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War, 1941-1945" exhibition is dedicated to the history of saving the Kremlin treasures during the Great Patriotic War. Visitors will discover how the evacuation took place in the summer of 1941 and the way the museum staff took care of the precious collection of the Armory Chamber during the four-year stay in Sverdlovsk (now Ekaterinburg). Despite the difficulties of the wartime, special attention was paid to the restoration of the exhibits and their general inventory compilation. The preparations for the new display in the Armoury Chamber's began long before the war ended. Art pieces from the Kremlin collection safely returned to Moscow on 20 February 1945.

Helmet 'Cap of Kuchum' Helmet 'Cap of Kuchum' (side view) Helmet 'Cap of Kuchum' (back view)

One of the objects evacuated to Sverdlovsk in 1941 is a unique helmet known as 'Cap of Kuchum', from the permanent display of the Armory Chamber. It was presented to Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich by boyar Boris Sheremetev. Its name goes back to the same period. According to the legend, the helmet belonged to Kuchum Khan of Siberia, whose possessions became part of the Muscovy Tsardom as a result of the campaigns of ataman Ermak Timofeyevich and tsarist commanders in the 16th century, later it belonged to the descendants of the khan who had already been serving the Moscow sovereign. In 1664, in the reign of Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich, the 'Cap of Kuchum' was given to Khan Kuchum’s grandson, the Siberian Tsarevich Alexey Alexeyevich (Ish Mukhammad), who was ordered to appear in this very ceremonial helmet at the troops' review. The helmet combines features both typical of the creations by Oriental gunsmiths (the damask steel dome of the helmet is covered with islimi (floral) pattern made in gold damascening technique), and Western European craftsmen (i.e. multicoloured enamels on a gold pipe for plumes).